Title Community resiliency and emergency management networks : following the 2012 Korean typhoons
Author Jung, Kyujin
Publisher Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, University of Colorado Boulder. (237)
Abstract This research aims to examine the evolution of interorganizational networks emerged from the Southeastern region of Korean Peninsula, which consists of Busan and Ulsan Metropolitan Cities, and the South Kyeongsang Province, following the 2012 pacific typhoon. The quick response research was conducted at the organization level to explain how the typhoons affected joint coordination efforts contributing to community resiliency. Particularly, this research utilizes four community resiliency indicators: robustness, rapidity, resourcefulness, and redundancy. The research tests two general hypotheses: bonding and bridging effects. While the former illustrates the importance of trust and information redundancy to coordinate and align emergency preparedness and response, the latter captures the tendency for local actors to seek dominant partners in order to bridge crucial information across the region. During the first stage of the field work, 30 semi-structured interviews were conducted in December 2012 among local and provincial officials including police, EMS, and fire chiefs and directors of non governmental organizations to gauge barriers and success in preexisting response plans. A structured survey instrument was administered to 159 organizations in the second stage of the field work, January 2013, in order to capture interorganizational networks that emerged after the disasters. A network evolution analysis using SIENA employs two-time-points data, which was collected in July 2012 before the typhoons and in January 2013 after the typhoons. The analysis results provide two general implications to understand the evolution of interorganizational EM networks. First, interorganizational collaboration for enhancing community resiliency proposes the importance of bilateral aids rather than unilateral. Sine interdependency offers the potential benefits to reduce conflicts among local organizations as well as across the sector, self-organizing EM networks are more likely to consist of reciprocal collaboration that enhance community resiliency. Second, direct collaborative ties with other organizations generate structural benefits derived from close-knit EM networks. Formulating a clustered structure in efforts to enhance community resiliency not only provides associational benefits such as reputation, knowledge, and institutional norms. The findings provide theoretical insights into interorganizational coordination that accounts for the network evolution in terms of community resiliency, particularly disparities between actual response and preexisting disaster plans.
Description: Quick Response (QR) Research Report #237
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10590/742
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